Submitted by: Group Nimbus

And   Group Raindrops







IMK Senate House Campus Palayam


The problem discussed here is of Nagroor a small village in Thiruvananthapuram district.

The main issues in the area are:

(1) Rubber plantation resulting in breeding ground for mosquitoes.

(2) The granite quarry.

(3) Bad condition of roads.

With the arrival of monsoon in Kerala the state gets engulfed with fever. The climatic condition of the state as well as the plethora of breeding grounds make the disease carrying mosquitoes to multiply and thus creating panic among people each year. The state got affected by Chikungunya twice in 2006 and in 2007. Earlier the coastal areas of Kerala were affected but later the attack was extensive and was extended to the plantation areas also. The vector of the disease is Aedes albopictus with lineage to African genotype.

The tapping is suspended during the rainy season and the water accumulated in the containers thus becomes a breeding site for mosquitoes. The plantation were tapping were conducted with the help of rain guard also have water in the sap collecting cups thus also helping mosquitoes to breed. Also the water while making rubber sheets if not drained properly will cause the mosquitoes to breed.

The granite quarry operating in the village results in the release of large amount of dust and increased level of radon gases. Both result in increased risk of lung cancer and including silicosis and mesothelioma.  The noises from the quarry and the trucks used to carry these to other places also have a serious environmental impact. Also the water bodies nearby are also getting contaminated due to waste from the mining activities.

The panchayat road which is the main path for connectivity for all is in a very bad condition. The rainy season made it worst as people cannot even walk through it sides. Also due to the bad condition of roads there is wastage of fuels moreover its affects the environment badly. The dust arising from road causes problem to houses which are close to the road.

We met the member of Grama panchayat Smt. Sheeba G and cited these problems to her. We suggested the solutions for the above mentioned problems and she assured us the problems will be addressed at the earliest.


The breeding grounds of mosquitoes are to be destroyed to check the population of these disease carrying organisms. An awareness class is to be conducted and pamphlets containing various preventive measures are to be distributed. The water used while making the rubber sheets are to be properly discharged to ground and not allowing it to get stagnated. Also the traps developed by ICMR are to be made available so that the breeding of mosquitoes can be checked. It would be able to prevent breeding because of the “simple engineering work” done with regard to the mesh, netting, slider and gauge. The cost of this trap would be just around Rs.100 and materials used would be familiar to plantation workers.

The quarry should be operated with strict norms as per the various laws made by the government. The level of randon gases should be tested and should be kept under the permissible limits.  The techniques like water-jet cutting can be used to extract the granite which is environment friendly as it reduces noise and dust. Also it reduces hazards on the workers. The vehicles which use to carry out granites from the quarry should be restricted during school and office going times.

The road is important for development of an area and the ill-effects of it here should be addressed quickly. Before the tarring the soil should be hardened and as there would be lot of waste pieces of granite it should be first laid with cement and then tarred over it. Also soil stabilizing agents like Fujibeton which can used with cement or Terrazyme which is a natural Terrazyme is a natural, non-toxic; environmentally safe, bio-enzyme product that improves qualities of soil reduces ruts and potholes resulting in more durable and longer lasting roads can be used before tarring. These products are suitable for all climatic condition and thus monsoon in Kerala won’t affect it. Thus the durability of roads will increase.














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